This course is designed to help the student who has basic darkroom and exposure/development skills further her/his understanding of the principles and techniques of black and white photography. Assignments will focus on both technical and aesthetic concerns. Class topics include still life composition, the use of fiber paper, toning, studio lighting, portraiture, street photography, photojournalism, medium format film and low light photography. In-class critiques provide feedback on students’ work. Students should expect to provide their own 35mm film camera with full manual controls, and be able to independently operate studio lighting equipment. (Prerequisite: VRTS 130C with a grade of “C” or higher.) A $20 fee will be assessed for all students taking VRTS 230C to cover the cost of chemicals used in this class and the disposal of these chemicals.