Begins with the study of basic electronics (analog and digital) and electronic components (transistors, op-amps, SCR’s). Electromechanical principles are introduced, leading to consideration of sensors and transducers used in production processes. Paralleling this sequence is the development of programming in Visual Basic. These two paths join during the second half of the course where programming logic controllers (PLCs) and relay ladder logic (RLL) are presented. In the lab, students gain hands-on experience with all hardware and software covered in the course. (Prerequisites: PHYS 135C [or basic AC/DC theory] with a grade of C or higher, or permission of the department chair)