Covers the assessment, pathophysiology and management of trauma including: head, spinal, chest, abdominal, soft tissue, and musculoskeletal trauma. MCI, environmental emergencies, and HAZMAT are also covered. Critical thinking and problem solving will be emphasized using a scenario-based approach. (Co-requisites: PEM 117C, PEM 142C, and PEM 161C). Any failure in this course, PEM 117C, or PEM 142C will trigger a failure in PEM 161C (even if a passing grade in PEM 161C has been achieved).