Biology Course Descriptions

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Number sequencing next to course name means the following: first digit designates the number of lecture hours for the course; the second digit designates the number of lab, clinic or practicum hours; and the third digit designates the credit hours for the course.

BIOL 100C Introduction to Biology with Laboratory 3-2-4
An introductory course in biology intended to satisfy the biology admission requirement for NHTI health-related degree and professional certificate programs. Topics include scientific method and measurement, cell structure and function, energy transformation, nutrient processing, gas exchange, circulatory systems, nervous systems, principles of homeostasis, and heredity. Laboratory exercises parallel lecture topics, and include microscopy, dissection, biochemistry, and physiological experimentation. (For institutional credit only; does not count toward graduation requirements but is calculated into GPA; not intended for transfer)

BIOL 111C General Biology I 3-2-4

Designed to provide the student with the basic principles of biology, including scientific method, cell structure, cellular biochemistry and energy transformations, and genetics. Laboratories are used to develop skills in scientific thought and common procedures used in biological experimentation. With BI 112, intended to provide a foundation for further study in life sciences. (Prerequisites: algebra I with a grade of “C” or higher; high school level biology and chemistry, with labs, with grades of “C” or higher)

BIOL 112C General Biology II 3-2-4
A continuation of BIOL 111C. Includes a survey of the taxonomic groupings of life forms, as well as the principles of evolution and ecology. (Prerequisites: BIOL 111C with a grade of “C” or higher or permission of the Department Head of Natural Sciences)

BIOL 115C Introduction to Ecology 3-2-4
This course is designed to give non-science majors an opportunity to learn about the interactions between the physical and biological components of the environment. The lecture will provide a broad introduction to the organismal, population, community and ecosystem levels of ecological interaction. Instructional methods include readings, lecture/discussion, in-class applications, field observations and field research. The lab portion of this course will provide students with practical experience in ecological methods and in the design, conduct and analysis of ecological studies. Laboratory exercises are designed to correspond with major lecture topics. Exercises include laboratory and field studies; student should come prepared to be outside for most labs. (Prerequisites: high school biology with lab or BIOL 100C with a grade of “C” or higher and high school chemistry with lab or CHEM 100C with a grade of “C” or higher and high school algebra I or MATH 093C and MATH 094C with grades of “C” or higher)

BIOL 116C Field Ornithology 3-2-4
This course introduces the student to the biology of birds and the methods of modern field studies, identification, life histories, ecology, and behavior of birds, with an emphasis on local species. The course involves a major field component (i.e., observing and identifying birds in their natural habitats or "birding") complemented by investigations into aspects of bird biology and ecology, such as habitat use, bird morphology and flight, song, nesting and reproductive behavior, and migration. No previous experience with birds is expected. Lecture and lab may include demonstrations, discussion, and field trips. (High school biology strongly recommended or permission of the Department Head of Natural Sciences)

BIOL 117C Introduction to Plant Biology 3-2-4
An introduction to the structure and physiology of plants at the molecular, cellular and organismal levels; survey of major plant groups and their evolutionary relationships; and the relationships of plants to humans and other organisms. (Prerequisite: high school level biology with lab with a grade of “C” or higher or NHTI's BIOL 100C with a grade of “C” or higher)

BIOL 120C Human Biology 3-2-4
A brief summary of human anatomical structure and physiological systems designed to provide students with the knowledge and perspective necessary to work in their chosen fields. (Prerequisite: high school biology recommended)

BOIL 122C Basic Pathophysiology 3-0-3
A course designed to provide the student with an understanding of the various mechanisms by which human diseases develop. Includes a survey of common disorders involving each of the major body systems. (Prerequisite: BIOL 120C with a grade of “C” or higher; or BIOL 195C and 196C with grades of “C” or higher)

BIOL 123C The Biology of Human Reproduction 3-0-3
This is an introductory course intended to give an appreciation for the importance of the following areas of reproduction: male and female anatomy and development, sexual differentiation, puberty, menstruation, parturition, lactation, assisted reproductive technologies, birth control methods, and menopause. (Recommended: high school level [or higher] biology)

BIOL 125C Human Genetics and Society 3-2-4
This course is an introduction to genetics for students not majoring in the sciences. The student will be introduced to the basic principles of Mendelian and molecular genetics and will apply these principles to human genetic traits. Causes and treatments of common inherited diseases will be discussed as well as genetic technologies and their applications (recombinant DNA technology, genetic engineering, in vitro fertilization). The associated ethical and social issues will also be examined. Lab component to complement lecture. (Recommended: high school level [or higher] biology)

BIOL 129C Introduction to Sports Nutrition 3-0-3
This course is an introduction to the basic nutritional needs of those involved in individual and team sports. General nutrition topics will be interspersed with specific requirements and recommended intakes for athletes at all levels and ages. A variety of sporting activities, including those involving both endurance and strength athletes, will be covered. (High school biology recommended.)

BIOL 159C Personal Nutrition 3-2-4
An introductory course including laboratory for the individual interested in nutrition as a tool for personal health promotion and disease prevention. Incorporates basic principles of nutrition with discussions of contemporary issues. Laboratory exercises allow for exploration of lecture topics and will include scientific method, food analysis, diet analysis and nutritional lifestyle analysis. (Prerequisite: high school biology recommended)

BIOL 180C Tropical Ecology and Conservation 3-2-4
This introductory level course is designed to introduce the student, through academic study and real experience, to the ecology, natural history, and conservation programs at work in Costa Rica. The classroom (on-line) portion of the course will prepare the student through studies of major ecological principles, tropical ecology in general and of Costa Rica specifically, and the major ecosystems of Costa Rica. The historical, economic, and cultural aspects of Costa Rica and their relationship to resource conservation efforts will be examined. The culmination of the course will be a nine-day travel experience to Costa Rica, where the class will visit several major ecological systems and conservation areas. The laboratory portion of the course will consist of the nine-day excursion to Costa Rica through the NHTI-sponsored Culture Quest trip. The travel portion of this course is a major part of the laboratory component and is required. During the time in Costa Rica, students will apply what they have learned to understand the different ecosystems visited, identify tropical plants and animals, and appreciate the threats to and efforts to conserve the unique biodiversity of Costa Rica. (Prerequisite: High school biology with lab with a grade of “C” or higher and high school chemistry with lab with a grade of “C” or higher.) [Students should note that the cost of the trip to Costa Rica is not included in the tuition for this course. Students are responsible for all costs of this trip.]

BIOL 195C Anatomy and Physiology I 3-2-4
An introduction to the structure and function of the human body. Includes elementary cytophysiology, histology, and anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system, and special senses. Laboratory work parallels lecture topics, and includes microscopy, study of human anatomical models, dissection of preserved animals, and physiological experimentation. (Prerequisite: high school biology with lab and high school chemistry with lab, each with a grade of “C”or higher, or permission of the Department Head of Natural Sciences)

BIOL 196C Anatomy and Physiology II 3-2-4
A continuation of BIOL 195C. Includes anatomy and physiology of the endocrine system, circulatory system, immune system, respiratory system, digestive system, excretory system, and reproductive system. Other topics covered include nutrition and metabolism, acid/base balance, fluid and electrolyte balance, and genetics. Laboratory work parallels lecture topics, and include microscopy, study of human anatomical models, dissection of preserved animals, and physiological experimentation. (Prerequisite: BIOL 195C with a grade of “C” or higher or permission of Department Head of Natural Sciences)

BIOL 202C Microbiology 3-3-4
Lectures focus on three major areas: 1) basic concepts of microbiology, including morphology and physiology of prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and viruses; 2) host resistance to disease and immunology; and 3) epidemiology of selected diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and parasitic worms. Labs also focus on three major areas: 1) basic skills such as staining, microscopy, and isolation techniques; 2) bacterial physiology as is pertinent to identification of bacterial species; and 3) control of microorganisms via chemotherapeutic agents, physical means and chemical disinfectants. (Prerequisite: BIOL 112C  or BIOL 196C with a grade of “C” or higher)

BIOL 211C Genetics 3-2-4
A lab course intended to enhance a student's knowledge of basic genetics and to provide the foundation necessary for further studies in molecular biology, cell biology, evolution, systematics, and behavior. Topics covered will include Mendelian genetics, molecular genetics, immunogenetics, genetics of cancer and population genetics. (Prerequisites: BIOL 112C or BIOL 196C with a grade of “C” or higher, and MATH 124C or equivalent or higher level math course* with a grade of “C” or higher; or permission of Department Head of Natural Sciences) *excluding MATH 129C.

BIOL 212C Ecology 3-2-4
Investigations into the biological and physical factors affecting the distribution, abundance, and adaptations of organisms. Interrelationships at the population, community, and ecosystem levels will be studied. (Prerequisites: BIOL 112C and MATH 124C or equivalent or higher level math course* with grades of “C” or higher; MATH 251C with a grade of “C” or higher recommended; or permission of Department Head of Natural Sciences) *excluding MATH 129C.

BIOL 215C Freshwater Ecology 3-2-4
This course enhances students' understanding of ecology, and introduces them to the biological, chemical, and physical properties of lakes, streams, and wetlands as they relate to the structure and function of freshwater ecosystems. Students will gain an understanding of freshwater environmental concerns and experience in water quality assessment. The course will also cover topics in sustainability, management, and rehabilitation of natural aquatic environments in relation to human impact. (Prerequisite: BIOL 111C or BIOL 112C or BIOL 115C with a grade of “C” or higher)

BIOL 222C Pathophysiology 3-0-3
A course that provides the allied health student with an understanding of disease processes by building on the student's knowledge of normal anatomy and physiology. Common disorders of major body systems are discussed relative to the mechanisms by which they develop and their effects on homeostasis. (Prerequisite: BIOL 196C with a grade of “C” or higher or permission of Department Head of Natural Sciences)

BIOL 229C Nutrition in Exercise and Sports 3-0-3
This course introduces the student to nutrition as it relates to the improvement or optimization of physical performance. Dietary interventions for strength and endurance exercise training and sporting event participation will be thoroughly investigated. Special emphasis will be placed on weight management; the reduction, maintenance and gain of body mass. (Prerequisites: BIOL 196C with a grade of “C” or higher, or BIOL 159C or equivalent with a grade of “C” or higher)

BIOL 235C Principles of Evolution 3-0-3
This course provides an in-depth understanding of the mechanisms of genetic variation, natural and sexual selection, and patterns of evolutionary change, and will look at modern variations within the theory itself. The course also explores the historical development of the science and the modern social controversies associated with it. Pedagogical issues of teaching evolution may also be discussed. (Prerequisites: BIOL 112C General Biology II or equivalent with a grade of “C” or higher, or permission of the Department Head of Natural Sciences)

BIOL 259C Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition 4-0-4
An introductory course in normal and therapeutic nutrition designed for students in allied health programs. Focuses on the application of basic principles of nutrition to health promotion and disease prevention, as well as the role of nutritional intervention as a therapeutic tool in specific pathologies. Includes discussion of contemporary issues in nutrition. Special note – it is recommended that students NOT take BIOL 159C prior to taking this course. (Prerequisites: BIOL 196C or equivalent with a grade of “C” or higher or permission of Department Head of Natural Sciences.)

BIOL 260C Cell Biology 3-3-4
Cell Biology is a course for biology majors focusing on eukaryotic cells. General topics include the structure and function of principal cellular components, energy metabolism, signal transduction, apoptosis, the cell cycle, gene expression, and an introduction to cancer biology. Laboratory experiments include modern cell research techniques such as ELISA, gel electrophoresis, and animal cell culture. (Prerequisites: BIOL 112C General Biology II or BIOL 196C Anatomy & Physiology II or equivalents with grades of "C" or higher, or permission of the Department Head of Natural Sciences)

BIOL 279C Life Cycle Nutrition 3-0-3
Focuses on nutritional needs of the growing, developing human from conception to old age, with particular emphasis on the nutritional needs of infants, children, adolescents, adults, women and aging adults. (Prerequisite: BIOL 159C or BIOL 259C with a grade of “C” or higher or permission of Department Head of Natural Sciences.)

BIOL 290C Biology Senior Project/Internship 0-12-4
This course serves as the capstone course for the Biology Program. During this course the student will demonstrate the application of the knowledge gained throughout the program. This will be achieved either by independent study on a topic chosen by the student with guidance from a faculty member or through participation in a field internship with an approved industry partner. Independent study will involve the investigation of all sides of a current biological issue. In either case, the student will turn in a written paper and also make a presentation of his/her project to all interested students and faculty in a student seminar.  (Prerequisites: All science and MATH courses with grades of “C” or higher and the approval of the Department Head of Natural Sciences; only offered in the final semester of the Biology program.)

Admissions
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